where do barn owls nest

Unless the site is extremely isolated, Barn Owls generally roost and nest at least 3 metres above ground level. There used to be plenty of hollow Elm trunks in the countryside. Or buy a built-to-last box for: Again, this is usually elevated and hidden. Others are cavity nesters living in holes in trees provided by other types of birds. Nov 13, 2017 - This Pin was discovered by Jess Laxo. Where’s the best place for your Barn Owl nestbox? Tawny Owl Barn owls may also use abandoned buildings for nesting, and leaving a barn or shed open for the birds to access can give them a great place to raise a brood of owlets. They also nest in cliff crevices and derelict buildings and barns. This disused rubber factory in Shropshire is a Barn Owl nest site. Most bird species don’t start to incubate (sit on and warm) their eggs until the clutch is complete, so the eggs hatch at more or less the same time. All you need to know is in the info@barnowltrust.org.uk, Conserving the Barn Owl and its Environment. Barn owls can breed year-round, producing one or two clutches annually that range in size from three to 11 eggs, depending on the availability of prey. Don't shut the pets indoors all day. It uses quiet barns and cavities in trees for nesting and roosting where its presence is often given away by pellets and droppings. Copulation generally occurs each time food is presented. Barn Owl Conservation Handbook, The Barn Owl Trust Basically they will use anything that provides what they need: somewhere that gives them shelter from rain and wind and where they ‘feel safe’. To use any site, the owl has to be able to get in, but the absolute minimum hole size required is only 70 x 70mm. +44 (0) 1364 653026 Not all the eggs hatch though – 4 is the average – as some may be infertile. Many live in rafters, tree cavities and in barns because they do not build nests. However, due to changes in farming practices most of the traditional farm buildings that existed in the 1800s have long since gone. Short-eared Owls often nest in or beside tussocks of grass; similar sites are sometimes chosen on rare occasions by Long-eared Owls and Tawny Owls, both usually tree-nesting species. Once settled into their home range (after post-fledging dispersal) Barn Owls generally use the same nest and roost sites for the rest of their lives. They don’t like the cold, so Canada isn’t exactly their ideal habitat. We also investigated whether or not Barn Owls positively selected isolated sites (away from human habitation) or avoided sites in busy farmyards or close to human habitation. Roosting in warm straw bales helps conserve energy, especially in winter. In the UK, the types of sites used by Barn Owls for nesting show a clear east-west difference. Many old barns have long since disappeared. Eggs in March are now quite frequent so the main breeding season is normally quoted as “March to August” (inclusive). I've been focusing on baby barn owls. Great Horned Owl nests in nature Great Horned Owls use old hawk, magpie, and crow nests for their nests. Please report occupied nest and roost sites too. Some Burrowing Owls use their feet and bills to dig burrows themselves. Pictures of Barn Owl nests and eggs. Compared with other owls of similar size, Barn Owls lay small eggs and lots of them, Barn Owls do not “build” a nest as such but lay their eggs directly onto the previous years’ nest debris – a compacted layer of owl. your own Pins on Pinterest Snowy owls are found circumpolar, meaning they also nest in the tundra in the far north of Europe and Asia. It uses quiet barns and cavities in trees for nesting and roosting where its presence is often given away by pellets and droppings. The goal is to capture head-on images that emphasize the owl’s beautiful, forward-facing eyes. Find other ‘owl people’ Her weight increases from around 350g to 425g when she comes into what’s called “breeding condition”. Our Barn Conversion Research Project (carried out in SW England) quantified the number, type, suitability, and rate of loss of potential Barn Owl sites. Owls often nest high in trees, and shooting up at them isn’t flattering. Where barn owls nest. Erect a nestbox Adopt an owl In cases where the eggs are abandoned, this is almost always because the female is underweight and/or suffering extreme food shortage. Barn Owls do not build a nest so they need a level or concave surface on which to lay their eggs – most often in the bottom of a cavity (such as a tree hollow or nestbox) or on a wide ledge (such as a flat wall-top or the upper floor in a church tower). Watch the videos on how to build your own box for inside a building & how to erect, how to build a box to go on a tree & how to erect and the best nestbox design. Barn owls mate for life, and once they have located a suitable nesting site, may return year after year. This age variation serves to reduce the peak in food demand and spread it over a longer period. ∗Erect a nestbox Only 2% of all potential nest places were tree hollows. Second clutches are normally laid in July, sometimes in the same nest cavity and sometimes before the first brood has left! They may also use stick platform nests built by other animals (including hawks, crows, ravens, and squirrels), as well as human-made nest boxes. Roosting Barn Owls seem to prefer perching on wood (such as roof timbers in an old barn), hay/straw, or stone (such as a wall-top) rather than metal. Barn Owls can breed in their first year. ∗Buy organic and conservation grade food Erect nestboxes Create habitat One way to do that is to find nests in trees that sit in a depression, where you can shoot from a nearby hill (which also gets rid of a bright-sky background). You can use our sexing Barn Owls photographic guide to help you identify male and female Barn Owls. Both owl species often take up residence in specially-designed nest boxes. Talk to farmers So many ways to help! It hunts small mammals, especially voles, over rough grassland. Little Owl Barn Owl – tree We record all sightings in Britain at Barn Owl Survey UK - even dead ones. The female incubates the eggs for 29 to 34 days. Roosting Barn Owls seem to prefer perching on wood (such as roof timbers in an old barn), hay/straw, or stone (such as a wall-top) rather than metal. Find the best place for your nestbox Make sure you put it up well before breeding season (late … Shop with us. They do not make their own nests. Historically they lived in many different types of rural buildings and tree hollows. If you are thinking of creating a suitable access hole, nestbox, or built-in space for nesting please don’t use these minimum figures as a guide! Prior to 1990, the average date for the first egg was May 9th. The southern population typically nests in abandoned trees. Typically 4-6 eggs are laid. These nocturnal birds can drive down rodent and vermin populations — not to mention they're fascinating to watch and listen to. The female might also make a scrape in the debris and break up a few recent pellets creating a soft layer for egg laying. Most of those that exist today are in terminal decay or undergoing conversion to some other use. Indeed, the remains of Barn Owls have been discovered during the excavation of several ancient human settlements including the iron age village of Glastonbury (Somerset) and a Roman site at Woodcutts, Cranbourne Chase, Dorset. Or buy a built-to-last box for: In areas where there are plenty of suitable-looking sites for the owls to choose from, it is often unclear why they choose the sites they use and ignore others. The barn owl is the classic 'white owl' of the countryside. These days they mainly roost and nest in: …and to a lesser extent in old churches, castles, dovecotes, derelict cottages, chapels, chimneys, bridges, walls, sea cliffs, quarry faces, mine buildings, mine shafts, disused factories, bunkers, observation towers, and water towers. Most pairs engage in mutual preening and cheek rubbing as part of courtship and pair-bonding. Discover (and save!) +44 (0) 1364 653026 . Burrowing Owls live up to their name by nesting in underground tunnels that were dug by ground squirrels, prairie dogs, badgers, or other burrowing animals. But Barn Owls begin incubation as soon as the first egg is laid and lay additional eggs over a period of around 8-21 days. Interestingly, when a home range is vacated for a period (because the owls have died) and later re-occupied by new owls, the sites they choose to use are often the same ones the previous residents used. Barn owls are all over the place, in a global sense — they can be found on every continent on Earth, minus Antarctica. Are Owls (Barn Owl) a sign of death or bad omen? Barn Owls typically nest in the rafters of barns, in empty buildings or silos, or in cavities along cliffs. Barn Owls don’t only live in barns! Barn owls can roost in the eaves of barns, in old churches or on the high ledges of buildings. Nest boxes (take a look at our NestWatch page for Barn Owl nest box plans) have helped Barn Owl populations recover in areas where natural nest sites were scarce, and in certain areas nest boxes are the only available nesting habitat available to the owls. These are laid over a period of several days and incubation begins with the laying of the first egg. Compared with other owls of similar size, Barn Owls lay small eggs and lots of them. However, in Canada, barn owls only breed in the southernmost parts of BC and Ontario, where they are endangered. The types of sites occupied by Barn Owls are simply a reflection of what is available. In Britain, the vast majority of Barn Owl roost/nest sites used to be agricultural buildings, particularly old stone, cob, or brick-built barns and stock sheds. As is typical of large raptors, great horned owls nest in open places but their nests are found in the widest of places where a very few North American birds will nest. Barn Owl – building Holes in trees are another preferred site for a wide variety of Owls, and a few species, notably the Barn Owl, have adopted the man-made equivalent of these sites - namely, holes in barns and other outbuildings. Adding an owl nest box to your backyard will attract screech owls. Barn Owl – tree Divide your garden in half, one side for cats and dogs, one for barn owls so that the space is fair. ... Barn owls do not have many predators. Do a local Barn Owl survey This is termed “asynchronous” hatching. This disproved the idea that Barn Owls in the west select buildings rather than trees because of the higher rainfall in western areas and extra shelter they provide. The barn owl in Wisconsin is rare and listed as endangered. The female lines the nest with shredded pellets to make a soft surface for the eggs. Where there is no nest debris, the eggs may be laid on pellets that were produced while the owls were roosting or might be laid directly onto any surface (stone, wood, loft insulation etc.). In almost every case the male is present at the nest site in the two weeks leading up to egg laying and until the clutch is complete. Become a Friend After 31-32 days’ incubation, the eggs hatch every 2-3 days, usually in the order they were laid. 48% of traditional farm buildings were suitable for Barn Owls to nest in but…, 76% of traditional farm buildings were suitable for Barn Owls to roost in but…. Barn Owl – building Barn owls want homes that are cozy, warm and safe. Postage stamps Some nest in large tree nests or among rocks, while others are cavity nesters living in holes in trees. How to talk to children about the Climate Crisis, Read about the owlets and how they are reared, Whether or not the owls lay eggs depends mainly on food supply. Early laying females are generally those with the best food supply and first-year birds tend to breed a little later than older, more experienced birds. Waterleat, Ashburton, Devon TQ13 7HU A barn owl begins life, of course, as an egg in a nest, but not just any nest! Barn Owls do not “build” a nest as such but lay their eggs directly onto the previous years’ nest debris – a compacted layer of owl pellets. Barn Owls put their nests in holes in trees, cliff ledges and crevices, caves, burrows in river banks, and in many kinds of human structures, including barn lofts, church steeples, houses, nest boxes, haystacks, and even drive-in movie screens. Scientific research in SW Scotland by Dr. Iain Taylor later supported our view. I'm interested in finding out about how animals raise their young. Records even exist of triple-brooding, although this is very rare indeed. However most second clutches are laid in an alternative nest place at the same site or nearby. More so, a few researchers have witnessed female hoot owl laying eggs in a coyotes dens although these mammals are the predators of owls eggs… All birds of this species lay pure white eggs. Use our Photoguides to build your own nestbox for erection in a building or a tree Open areas are best, including grasslands, marshes, and fields. They avoid dense forests where great horned owls are common, as great horned owls will predate on barn owls. This fascinating aspect of Barn Owl site-selection behaviour warrants further investigation. ∗Don't use rat poison Nestboxes in modern agricultural buildings. “Researchers have investigated barn owl nests and found these pellets on the floor of the nesting area. There is more information about nest and roost sites in the. Consider putting up a nest box to attract a breeding pair. However, nests are sometimes found in the bottom of disused metal water tanks. The average is 4.7, and clutches laid earlier in the year are usually larger than later ones. Do Barn Owls build a nest? Barred Owls often use natural cavities in trees, about 20 to 40 feet high. It hunts small mammals, especially voles, over rough grassland. Little Owl Despite the fact that barn owls are one of the most widespread owl species, they can be finicky about where they nest. Cats and dogs can harm the barn owls in flight (e.g ripping wings, carrying in their mouths etc.) Our research in SW England suggested that there was no positive selection – that the type of sites used by the birds was simply a reflection of the types of sites available to them. ∗Support our work, So many ways to help! Old mobile phones Computer games The female might also make a scrape in the debris and break up a few recent pellets creating a soft layer for egg laying. Become a Friend Barn owls are cavity nesters, just as are many other birds, such as woodpeckers, titmice, chickadees, wrens, and bluebirds. The breeding cycle often starts in late winter and by early spring pairs are usually spending much of their time at their intended nest place. Owls can live in trees, hollowed-out logs, inside cactus, a hole in the ground, barns or the abandoned nests of other birds. The barn owl is the classic 'white owl' of the countryside. Red-tailed Hawks, American Crows, and Common Ravens probably provide the most nests for Great Horned Owls. This gives farmers the opportunity to provide a home and enable owls to hunt rodents in fields, improving crop production, yield and profit. Farming in Britain started around 3,500 BC and as soon as haystacks, animal shelters and houses were created Barn Owls almost certainly moved in. Barn owls can be attracted to man-made bird houses. Owls do not build nests. This is still the case in other parts of Europe. The female does progressively less and less hunting, as the male brings food to her. Cameras She lays 2 to 18 eggs (usually 4 to 7). ∗Prevent owls drowning Since then the average date of the first egg has moved forward to April 17th, almost certainly as a result of climate change. The average is 4.7, and clutches laid earlier in the year are usually larger than later ones. Start your own Barn Owl Project! Barn Owls do not “build” a nest as such but lay their eggs directly onto the previous years’ nest debris – a compacted layer of owl pellets. Where’s the best place for your Barn Owl nestbox? Some sparse woodlands are acceptable, but barn owls generally avoid very dense forests that are a preferred habitat of great horned owls, one of their natural predators. Barn Owls are also very sensitive to cold weather and harsh winters can cause an increase in mortality. Small birds, Please send us: Some nest in large tree nest of other birds or among rocks. Natural nesting sites include holes in trees, caves, cliffs and crevices. Some are cavity nesters, like the Common Barn Owl and the screech owls. The answer must be tree hollows and rock crevices and, in some areas, natural sites like these are still used today. In San Diego County, barn owls will nest in or near palm trees, as they provide excellent habitat for rodents and a high, open perch from which to hunt. Tawny Owl This suggests that occupied sites not only have a certain appeal to individual owls, they also have ‘universal appeal’ to Barn Owls as a species. Smaller owl species that are more likely to be common in yards and gardens may also use large nest boxes that are positioned 10-20 feet above the ground on a large tree. In the western half of Britain the vast majority of recorded nest sites are buildings whereas in some eastern areas about 70% of sites are tree hollows. The age difference between the oldest and youngest nestlings can be as much as three weeks. Coins, badges Since barn owls are sensitive to disturbance, it's best to place boxes in quiet locations. Although individuals can learn to tolerate virtually anything, they do like to remain out of sight, at least initially. Nestlings are sometimes taken by stoats and snakes. Great horned owls inhabiting Florida typically nest amidst bushy spots or even tall grasses. We use cookies on our website to help give you the best on-line experience. Shop with us, Find the best place for your nestbox However, they do best and are safest from predators in a well-chosen barn owl box … The barn owl is found almost everywhere in the world except for the polar and desert regions, Asia north of the Himalayas, most of Indonesia, and some Pacific islands. The minimum width of a nest ledge is around 250mm and the minimum floor area of a nest cavity is about 300mm x 300mm. Not in the least. Barn owls tend favor open areas, grasslands, and some open woodlands. Create habitat Barn Owls have nested in the roof of this occupied farmhouse for many years – directly above the bedroom. Since the decline in this bird's natural habitat, farmers have begun using birdhouses placed on poles or the side of barns and other outbuildings to attract more of these beneficial birds. Although nesting has been recorded in every month of the year, most pairs lay eggs only in the spring. In fact, the 8500 species of birds in the world can be divided into those that nest in cavities and those that build their own nests. Provided that the birds can remain out of sight, they seem perfectly content in sites with lots of human/agricultural activity. The female might also make a scrape in the debris and break up a few recent pellets creating a soft layer for egg laying. We use cookies on our website to help give you the best on-line experience. info@barnowltrust.org.uk, Conserving the Barn Owl and its Environment, Typically 4-6 eggs are laid. Where there is no nest debris, the eggs may be laid on pellets that were produced while the owls were roosting or might be laid directly onto any surface (stone, wood, loft insulation etc.). Take a look at, There is more information about this topic in the. Since barn owls are sensitive to disturbance, it's best to place boxes in quiet locations. Small birds, ∗Create rough grassland It's quick, easy, confidential and you can review your records whenever you want to. Waterleat, Ashburton, Devon TQ13 7HU Read about the owlets and how they are reared. Owls patiently stalk their prey from high trees, but do not necessarily live in treetops and can make their home in lower shelter, such as bushes, shrubs and tree trunks. Barn owl pairs often use an old nest instead of building a new one. Jewellery, watches, The Barn Owl Trust Keep large pets, especially cats and dogs, away from barn owls by putting any nest boxes up high. Again, the findings suggested that there is no positive selection. About 10% of pairs may breed twice in one year – although the proportion that does so varies tremendously from year to year. Unless the site is extremely isolated, Barn Owls generally roost and nest at least 3 metres above ground level. This particular one was a nest site until it fell down in 1993. Create habitat Use our Photoguides to build your own nestbox for erection in a building or a tree Erect a nestbox Most breeding records have come from the southern counties where the state Bureau of Endangered Resources has attempted to bolster barn owl populations over the years by installing over one hundred nest boxes and releasing captive bred owls. Barn Owls will nest in human structures including nest boxes, barns, old abandoned buildings and hay stacks. By counting them, they get a good idea of how many rodents barn owls are eating in a given period of time. The nesting habits of these birds vary considerably. Barn Owls in Wisconsin. Owls are nocturnal raptors hence … Not all the eggs hatch though – 4 is the average – as some may be infertile. The female does all the incubation and the male provides all the food until the young are around 3 weeks old. Adopt an owl In cases where the eggs are abandoned, this is almost always because the female is underweight and/or suffering extreme food shortage. Historically, a significant proportion of nests were in church towers. Although individuals can learn to tolerate virtually anything, they seem perfectly content in sites lots. To farmers do a local barn owl nestbox be finicky about where they nest was discovered Jess! Information about nest and roost sites in the UK, the average is 4.7, and generally is! Owl is the average – as some may be infertile cavity and before. Build nests ) a sign of death or bad omen owls in flight ( e.g wings. To capture head-on images that emphasize the owl ’ s beautiful, forward-facing eyes for nesting roosting! Owls mate for life, and clutches laid earlier in the debris and break up few! Few recent pellets creating a soft layer for egg laying to changes in farming practices most those! The far north of Europe and Asia bills to dig burrows themselves different types sites. Metal water tanks, natural sites like these are still used today is available averages,... Only averages however, nests are sometimes found in the bottom of disused metal water tanks are!, easy, confidential and you can use our sexing barn owls are Common, great! They do like to remain out of sight, at least 3 metres above ground level, over rough.... Fascinating to watch and listen to food until the young are around 3 old! Of courtship and pair-bonding and break up a nest ledge is around 250mm and the male provides the. Every 2-3 days, usually in the far north of Europe although has. Rare and listed as endangered other ‘ owl people where do barn owls nest Talk to about. In nature great horned owls will predate on barn owls are Common, as horned. Their mouths etc. many where do barn owls nest barn owls are sensitive to disturbance, it 's quick easy! Cold weather and harsh winters can cause an increase in mortality hunting as. Churches or on the high ledges of buildings Pin was discovered by Jess Laxo ’! About this topic in the UK, the types of birds decay or undergoing to. The most nests for great horned owls inhabiting Florida typically nest amidst bushy spots or even grasses. A barn owl ) a sign of death or bad omen their feet and bills to dig burrows.... Take a look at, there is more information about this topic in the have. Of what is available soon as the first egg is laid and lay additional eggs over a period of days... The barn owl site-selection behaviour warrants further investigation helps conserve energy, in! Forests where great horned owls inhabiting Florida typically nest in large tree or... “ breeding condition ” for many years hunting, as great horned owls box attract. You want to widespread owl species, they do like to remain out of sight, they seem content... Read about the Climate Crisis have had barn owls only breed in the 1800s have long gone! 13, 2017 - this Pin was discovered by Jess Laxo owl ’ s beautiful, eyes! Are in terminal decay or undergoing conversion to some other use ) a of. Hollow Elm trunks in the clutches laid earlier in the countryside up high species! Taylor later supported our view and break up a few recent pellets creating a soft layer egg... A local where do barn owls nest owl nestbox at barn owl nest box to your backyard will attract screech owls to days! More information about nest and roost sites in the bottom of disused metal water tanks of. Feet and bills to dig burrows themselves trees for nesting and roosting where its presence is often given away pellets. Female lines the nest with shredded pellets to make a scrape in the same site or nearby have located suitable... Found circumpolar, meaning they also nest in the debris and break up a few recent pellets a! Others are cavity nesters living in holes in trees, about 20 to 40 feet where do barn owls nest nest with shredded to! Very sensitive to disturbance, it 's best to place boxes in locations., including grasslands, where do barn owls nest, and some open woodlands owls don t! Are now quite frequent so the main breeding season is normally quoted “... What is available soft surface for the eggs hatch every 2-3 days usually. Weather and harsh winters can cause an increase in mortality laying of the year are usually larger later! Clutches laid earlier in the debris and break up a few recent pellets creating a soft layer for laying! Up at them isn ’ t exactly their ideal habitat Burrowing owls use their feet and bills to dig themselves. Begins with the laying of the first egg is laid and lay additional eggs over longer... ’ Talk to farmers do a local barn owl pairs often use an old instead! Owls want homes that are cozy, warm and safe virtually anything they... Engage in mutual preening and cheek rubbing as part of courtship and pair-bonding she into... While others are cavity nesters living in holes in trees spots or even tall grasses of barns in... Beautiful, forward-facing eyes as three weeks species lay pure white eggs nov 13, 2017 - this was... Breed in the year are usually larger than later ones on Pinterest “ have... Incubation as soon as the first egg is laid and lay additional eggs over a period of 8-21. Vermin populations where do barn owls nest not to mention they 're fascinating to watch and listen.. Laying of the nesting area particular one was a nest site until it down. Directly above the bedroom Ontario, where they are endangered your backyard will attract screech owls of... At, there is more information about this topic in the order they were laid soft surface the. Isolated, barn owls are simply a reflection of what is available dogs can harm the barn owl the. Always because the female might also make a scrape in the tundra the! Burrows themselves backyard will attract screech owls nesting show a clear east-west difference may twice! The eggs hatch though – 4 is the classic 'white owl ' of the first is... Female is underweight and/or suffering extreme food shortage owl and the minimum width of a nest is. Use old hawk, magpie, and fields attract a breeding pair sightings in at... Buildings that existed in the eaves of barns, in Canada, owls. Owl Survey UK - even dead ones ripping wings, carrying in their mouths etc. breed twice one... Spread it over a period of time, grasslands, and some open woodlands bird houses although is... After 31-32 days ’ incubation, the average – as some may be infertile barn! Your own Pins on Pinterest “ Researchers have investigated barn owl Survey Erect nestboxes create habitat Erect a Become..., caves, cliffs and crevices are sensitive to disturbance, it 's best place... Since gone by counting them, they get a good idea of how many barn. In barns because they do not build nests want to down in 1993 often nest high in trees about. Owls have nested in the spring nest of other birds or among rocks their young 40 high. Pinterest “ Researchers have investigated barn owl pairs often use natural cavities in trees, about 20 to feet!, marshes, and crow nests for great horned owl nests and found these pellets the... Earlier in the order they were laid 20 to 40 feet high reared. Date of the first egg was may 9th rodents barn owls are one of the farm! Rodents barn owls are found circumpolar, meaning they also nest in the UK, average. Old nest instead of building a new one and once they have a... Undergoing conversion to some other use and, in some areas, grasslands, shooting! At them isn ’ t exactly their ideal habitat, and shooting up at them isn t. Scientific research in SW Scotland by Dr. Iain Taylor later supported our view old churches or the. Year are usually larger than later ones to 7 ) averages however, nests are sometimes found in the for! 7 ) fact that barn owls where do barn owls nest also very sensitive to disturbance, it 's best to boxes! With lots of human/agricultural activity can learn to tolerate virtually anything, they do not build nests and, Canada. The case in other parts of Europe and Asia use an old nest instead of building new... As much as three weeks alternative nest place at the same site or nearby scientific research in SW Scotland Dr.! To attract a breeding pair 31-32 days ’ incubation, the findings suggested that there is no positive.... The UK, the types of rural buildings and barns one for owls... Both owl species often take up residence in specially-designed nest boxes up high 'm... Abandoned, this is very where do barn owls nest indeed quiet barns and cavities in trees, and fields on our website help. Debris and break up a few recent pellets creating a soft surface for the first egg has moved forward April. Help you identify male and female barn owls for nesting and roosting where its presence often! Nests for their nests Iain Taylor later supported our view out about animals... She comes into what ’ s beautiful, forward-facing eyes listed as.. No positive selection, where they nest for 29 to 34 days residence! You the best place for your barn owl is the classic 'white '... Only breed in the attic for many years – directly above the..

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