harmonic minor scale formula

Written as semi-notes: 2 - 1 - 2 - 2 - 1 - 3 - 1. A harmonic minor chords. HT, 2 octaves. Notice how this scale alone already has a pleasant flavor. The “A2” is for the augmented 2nd interval between the 6th & 7th sale degrees. In this post, we’re going to be looking at one type of minor scale called the harmonic minor. For example: the notes of the A natural minor scale are exactly the same as the notes of the C major scale, the A natural minor scale only starts on the A instead … This is because it’s the same as the Aeolian mode but with a raised 7th note of the scale. The change comes in the seventh degree. There are certain things your Mom probably taught you not to do: don't talk to strangers, don't cross the street without looking both ways, and don't forget to wash your hands before you eat. Harmonic minor scale formula = W-H-W-W-H-A2-H. Hopefully, you know that “W” stands for whole step and “H” for half step. … Harmonic Minor is identical to the Natural Minor scale for the first six scale degrees. Composers have gone to great lengths to set rules about what to do and what not to do when writing melodies. The formula of the harmonic minor is almost identical to the natural minor, the only difference between them is the 7th degree, In natural minor, we have a minor 7th degree and in harmonic minor a major 7th degree. Pentatonic Scale Fluency available from Amazon. Compare them: Notice how the only difference is in the seventh degree (in this case, the G note). We will not do this whole procedure again so as not to get boring. We wouldn’t use the E minor harmonic scale! The only difference is that we raise the 7th note by a semitone (half step). Harmonic Minor Scale The harmonic minor scale raises the 7th note of the natural minor scale by a half step and has the following scale formula: W – H – W – W – H – W+… As you can see in the table on the right, instead of having a 7 like Natural Minor, it now has a 7 like the Major Scale. Learn the note names all harmonic minor scales in table form, in all 12 circle of 5ths keys, including single and double accidental theoretical keys Home Mobile View Scale: .. major blues natural minor harmonic minor melodic minor chromatic major pentatonic minor pentatonic 2 - Build an A major scale. He graduated from The Royal Academy of Music in 2012 and then launched Hello Music Theory in 2014. To play a harmonic minor scale, you simply raise the seventh note of the scale by a half-step as you go up and down the scale. The minor scale sort of sounds a bit like it can’t be used in a melodic context. B natural is the third of the G7 in a minor ii-V-I. In this music theory video lesson, we will learn how to build the harmonic minor scale. By altering these notes we also change the intervals which make up the scale. More generally, the harmonic minor chords can be seen as follows: Im(M7) – IIm7(b5) – IIImaj7(#5) – IVm7 – V7 – VImaj7 – VII#dim. In the Natural minor scale the V (5) chord is a minor chord (Gmin7, G Bb D F, in the key of C). It comes up all the time in music exams and is definitely in the music theory exam syllabus. We tend to say that major scales have a ‘happier’ and ‘cheerier’ sound, whereas minor scales have Just think of the harmonic minor being used for it's harmonic functions. For Educational Purposes only. I’ll be adding more details to this post soon so post any questions you have and I’ll do my best to answer. In this music theory video lesson, we will learn how to build the harmonic minor scale. Since then he's been working to make music theory easy for over 1 million students in over 80 countries around the world. See the key of G major: This makes our life a little difficult, because we would always need to be paying attention to the corresponding degrees and tonalities to know when we can and when we cannot apply the harmonic minor scale. Harmonic minor scale in Different Keys There are a couple of ways I use to work out the Harmonic minor scale for a different key: Do the method described above which is to find the Major Scale, then the relative minor scale, then make the 7th note natural and not flat. Harmonic Minor The harmonic minor scale differs from the natural minor scale in only one way – the 7th scale degree is raised by half-step. See the shape of the harmonic minor scale of A (the seventh major degree is highlighted in red) below: Try playing this scale repeatedly to feel the melody. * Look for the notes of the A harmonic minor scale on your guitar neck. This resolution is typical of the harmonic minor context, as it does not exist in the natural major key or the natural minor. The melodic minor scale, as it's name implies, is used mainly in melodic lines. This change provided a very interesting sound. Now that we have talked about both the natural minor and harmonic minor scales, lets take a minute to introduce the 3 rd minor scale in our repertoire: the melodic minor scale. This is very important to know, as this is the chord progression that appears most in the songs when the subject is harmonic minor. To play a harmonic minor scale, you simply raise the seventh note of the natural minor scale by a half-step as you go up and down the scale. For example, if the E7 chord appears resolving in the Am chord, we would use the A minor harmonic scale at the time that E7 was being played. The Harmonic minor was derived by the need for a Dominant chord on the 5th degree (V) of the minor scale - enabling a Perfect Cadence (a Dominant 7th V chord resolving to a I minor chord). The chords of the key generated by the A minor harmonic scale is as follows: Note: the method we use to form this chords is the same that we used to form the chords of the major key from the major scale. The harmonic minor scale is very similar to the natural minor scale. And in the minor key there is no V7, because the fifth degree is minor (Vm7): Therefore, the “V7 – Im7” resolution is typical of the minor key. It’s not only called the ‘harmonic’ scale, but there is a different scale in existence called the ‘melodic’. Because the parent harmonic minor scale of the minor ii-V-I contains the third of the dominant 7th chord. Harmonic Minor Scale The harmonic minor scale raises the 7th note of the natural minor scale by a half step and has the following scale formula: W – H – W – W – H – W+… Your email address will not be published. Harmonic Minor Scale Intervals. In this case, to use this scale on top of these chords, you would need to identify, for example, if the chord with the extension m7, let’s say Em7, is the fourth degree of the song (IVm7) as we see in the shape for this progression: For that, the song would need to be in B minor, so you could play the harmonic B minor scale at the time that this Em7 chord appears, because the associated key would be: However, if the song were in G major and the Em7 chord appeared, it would be the sixth degree (VIm7) that belongs to the major key, that is, it would not allow the use of the harmonic B minor scale over it (generically speaking). Tonic: The 1st note of the D harmonic minor scale is D. Major 2nd: The 2nd note of the scale … Pentatonic Scale Fluency: Available on Kindle and Paperback. This resolution is typical of the harmonic minor context, as it does not exist in the natural major key or the natural minor. Scale Formula: 1 2 b3 4 5 b6 7; Scale Intervals: ... A Harmonic Minor Scale 3 Notes Per String Fretboard Diagrams. Conclusion The context in which the harmonic minor scale most often appears in solos, riffs or arrangements is when a V7 chord resolves in a minor chord. Required fields are marked *. The “A2” is for the augmented 2nd interval between the 6th & 7th sale degrees. The harmonic minor scale has a very "Gothic" or "Medieval" sound which comes from the major seventh interval opposing the minor third. * Play the A harmonic minor scale on your guitar. The harmonic minor scale on C. Using The Harmonic Minor Scale In Melody. Harmonic Minor Scale Intervals. The first way to derive the harmonic minor scale is from the major scale, and the second method is by starting with the natural minor scale… 10 Important Composers of the Renaissance Era, 10 Important Composers of the Medieval Period. They all have one thing in common which is they have a flattened third note of the scale. Just follow the above formulas and you’ll have played one. If you want a … For you to see this difference, let’s use the natural A minor scale and the A minor harmonic scale as an example. If you’re studying an instrument then learning about the harmonic minor scale is definitely something you’ll need to do. Using A harmonic minor as an example, it means raising the 7th note, G natural, by a semitone to G# as shown below. Your ear will quickly get used to this resolution and will be sharp to perceive it when it appears. It’s not only called the ‘harmonic’ scale, but there is a different scale in existence called the ‘melodic’. This seventh major degree on the minor harmonic scale increased the distance between degrees 6 and 7, shortening the distance between degrees 7 and 8. Written as steps: whole, half, whole, whole, half, whole and a half, half. Your email address will not be published. This is the only difference between Natural and Harmonic Minor scales. To learn how it's implemented check out the chords section. Scale: A scale is a succession of notes in ascending or descending order [using a fixed intervallic formula.] You could also notate that as m3 for minor 3rd or W+1/2 for a whole step plus a half step. Download my free eBook with all my favourite music theory resources. Practice this scale a lot in this context and try to identify songs that contain this  V7 – Im7 progression. Harmonic C Minor Scale = C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, B, C. The formula for forming a harmonic minor scale is W-H-W-W-H-W 1/2-H. (Whole step – half step – whole step – whole step – half step – whole step and a 1/2 step – half step.) In the Natural minor scale the V (5) chord is a minor chord (Gmin7, G Bb D F, in the key of C). The only difference is that the scale used here was the harmonic minor scale. In the major scale, the V→I movement creates a strong and decisive feel of resolution. © Hello Music Theory 2020 | All rights reserved | Sitemap. Harmonic Minor Formula: 1-½-1-1-½-1½-½ The Difference Between Natural and Harmonic Minor In the natural, the flattened 7th degree creates a weak movement from the V degree (dominant) to I degree (tonic). Intervals, as it does not exist in the natural minor “ A2 ” for. * Fill in the major scale, most of the fifth degree complex sound major. For example, the seventh degree ( in this context and try to songs. It appears launched Hello harmonic minor scale formula theory resources the AUDIENCE in TEARS | TRIBUTE to ZACHARIAS! 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