varieties of oil palm

Palm oil, very popular for biofuel, but the environmental impact from growing large quantities of oil palms has recently called the use of palm oil into question. The purpose of this manual is to guide you in choosing the most appropriate variety … This is the commonest of the three, and is the typical plant. To request a refund, after you are logged into Afrimash.com, go to My Account > Orders > Support ... for the order in question. Crude palm oil contains vitamin E, carotenoids, and other antioxidants. Tree diameter and circumference is bigger, supports more branch and fruits, reduction of gravity effect allows easy transfer of nutrients from the soil to fruit. Oil palm in Indonesia is a gold rush for big investors, medium-size companies and smallholder farmers alike. Palm oil is good source of Vitamin ‘A’ and ‘E’. Best oil palm yields are obtained in places where a maximum average temperature of 29-33 degrees and a minimum average temperature of 22-24 degrees are available. Call: (+234) 809 409 1115 WhatsApp: (234) 808 280 8271 Email: [email protected]. Sastrosayono, 2003), Table 1. Some types of palm oil contain vitamin E and beta-carotene. Palm oil may prevent brain disease. In the hot season, summer, grow it outdoors and make sure you place it in a very sunny and warm spot. Pratia. As long as the soil drains well, you really can’t water it too often. Change of Price or Unavailability of a Product: In the case of a change in price or unavailability of a product, you could change your order or request that we send your money to your store credit with Afrimash (that is your Afrimash Wallet). Palm trees are responsible for producing quite a variety of fruit, such as coconuts, dates and even fruit used for making wine and jelly. Unlike the African oil palm, the trunk of the American oil palm creeps along the ground and bears flat leaves. Palm oil may prevent certain types cancers. This allows the foods to… As consumers begin to search labels and avoid foods containing unhealthful hydrogenated trans fats, food manufactures are looking for suitable replacement oils. The crop requires 1800-2000 sunlight hours annually, more than 300 cal/cm2/per day, constant sunlight of at least 5 hours per day for better oil palm yield. Varieties in oil palm. The oil palm produces two types of vegetable oil – crude palm oil from the fruit mesocarp and palm kernel oil from th e seed. Feature - character: young fruit blackish purple - victimization, while the ripe fruit is orange blackish - brown. Varieties in oil palm. thin, can not be reproduced without crossing with other species, with The Udin of the Benis. originates from West Africa where it grows in the wild and later was developed into an agricultural crop.It was introduced to Malaysia, then Malaya, by the British in early 1870’s as an ornamental plant. The crop requires 1800-2000 sunlight hours annually, more than 300 cal/cm2/per day, constant sunlight of at least 5 hours per day for better oil palm … Palm oil is being used treating malaria. Best oil palm yields are obtained in places where a maximum average temperature of 29-33 degrees and a minimum average temperature of 22-24 degrees are available. Oil Palm Seedlings (Hybrid Supergene | Tenera Varieties) Supergene hybrid fruits in 2-3 years while Tenera hybrid fruits in 4-5 years. According to a study, a … Wider gap between the leaf stems results in increase photosynthesis for more robust growth. Fights Cancer. ©2020 Afrimash Company Limited. orange reddish - pink (but the end of the fruit remains green). Palm oil is in nearly everything – it’s in close to 50% of the packaged … Tenera: This variety is ruling hybrid type and basically it is a cross of shell-less Pisifera (female) and thick-shelled... Dura: This variety is not commercially cultivated and it has thick shell of 2 to 8 mm. 3.1 Refining. Moist, deep and well-drained medium-textured soils rich in humus content are considered ideal for propagation of these crops. There is no cash refund for store credits. Unlike other relatives, oil palms do not produce offshoots; propagation is by sowing the seeds. Elaeis (from Greek 'oil') is a genus of palms containing two species, called oil palms. Refund should be sought only if your issue is not resolved within a reasonable time frame. The oil of the American oil palm was probably used for making candles by the early American colonizers. Although a slow growing palm, the mature height of the plant can reach 15 feet or greater, so it's worth seeking out the subglobosa dwarf cultivar if you plan on a permanent indoor setting. When there is no other alternative, a refund will be processed within 3-5 working days. Pisifera can not be used as a commercial crop, but is used as a male parent. Almost all varieties of palm plants thrive in bright, indirect light. Since some palm oil is naturally semisolid at room temperature, manufacturers are using it as a replacement for trans fats in processed foods. Decomposed sawdust, corncobs, rice hull, and other organic materials can be used so as to reduce the weight of the half-filled polybag and improve drainage and soil fertility. Look for a fertilizer that provides both the basic nutrients plus trace nutrients like boron, manganese, and magnesium. Indoor palm plants can be more demanding to care for than other houseplants. The characteristics of oil palm varieties of Dura, Tenera, and Pisifera, 1 Thickness of shell (mm) 2-5mm 1 to 2.5 mm None. Can … - characteristics: thick shell is very thin (almost nonexistent), fruit 4 Percentage of core oil 4-20% 3-15% 3-8%, Taxonomy Oil Palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq). flesh is thicker than the dura type of fruit pulp, seeds meat very Polybags are preferably black, UV resistant for durability and measuring 40 – 45 cm wide with 8 – 10 holes at bottom and sides are half-filled with soil and compost mixed at a 50:50 ratio. Feature - characteristics: color whitish young fruit - putihan, while Home. Both species are perennial tropical trees in the family Arecaceae which are grown for their oil which is used in cooking and in industry. Tenera; Tenera palm tree with good management and adequate amount of water will start yielding fruits after 3 years of planting in the main field. We offer the oil palm seedlings (Tenera-9 months  and Supergene varieties-6 months). Plant oil palm varieties on quite a lot and classified in various classes differentiated by: then of the species known varieties Elaeisguineensis Jacq. Second, growing oil palms are heavy feeders that require regular, complete fertilizer. Seedlings should be removed from the main nursery by lifting with a spade and the roots carefully cut. Palm oil comes from the fleshy fruit of oil palms. Feature Vitamin A deficiency. Shorter tree, easy to reach, subsequently, the harvesting cost is reduced. True Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera) Date palms bring a sense of stateliness to any setting. Trees-Acacia. Dura : Have low to medium mesocarp ( 35 t0 55 %) and it contains a thick shell around the kernel . Here's a quick rundown of each. Normal palm oil (called crude palm oil or ‘CPO’) is extracted from the yellow flesh, which is also called ‘mesocarp’ (see Figure 3). In order to get a lot of oil, the female flowers of a dura palm are fertilized with the pollen from a pisifera palm. Oil can also be extracted from the white kernel, and this oil is called ‘palm kernel oil’ or ‘PKO’. These are selected oil palms. Once your oil palm tree has started growing, water the tree frequently. Regular consumption of this oil may mange blood pressure. These types of palm oil might have antioxidant effects. Date Palm (Phoenix sylvestris) Phoenix sylvestris or Indian date palm tree is from the palm family, … This is … Palm oil, from the palm fruit, is about 50 percent saturated fat and fairly high in monounsaturated fats. Wild radish contains up to 48% oil, making it appealing as a fuel. Peanut oil, used in one of the first demonstrations of the Diesel engine in 1900. The primary care requirements are generally getting enough light, keeping humidity high, and watering correctly. 2.1 Fatty acids. Unrefined palm oil is sometimes referred to as red palm oil because of its reddish-orange color. Only logged in customers who have purchased this product may leave a review. Heavy clay soils with poor drainage properties may pose problems of aeration during rainy seasons. Oil palm, includes the palm species native to Africa, Elaeis guineensis, and the species native to South and Central America, Elaeis oleifera. The most popular varieties of palm trees are Pygmy Date palm, Pindo Palm tree, Triangle palm plant, Mediterranean dwarf palm, Mazari palm, Dwarf Majesty palm tree, Christmas palm tree, Bottle palm tree, Canary palm tree, Sylvester palm, Chinese Fan palm, Palmetto palm tree, … Likely Effective for. In some cases, the fruits are used for medicinal purposes, as is the case with the saw palmetto. Windmill Palm. A new variety of oil palm developed using traditional plant breeding techniques will increase crude palm oil yields by up to double current levels, says SMART Tbk, a subsidiary of Golden-Agri Resources (GAR). Let’s look briefly at how to look after your tropical potted palm. Gravelly and sandy soils, particularly the coastal sands are not ideal for oil palm cultivation. Ground Floor, Freedom House (Beside IBEDC Office), General Gas, Akobo, Ibadan  200103, Oyo State, Nigeria. Radish oil. Uses. It is not preferred for commercial cultivation. Then, you can use the money to shop on Afrimash later. However, this is a special oil and normal palm oil factories are not interested in it. Oil palm seedlings require an evenly distributed annual rainfall of 2000 mm without a defined dry season. We offer the hybrid varieties of oil palm seedlings including the Supergene and Tenera varieties. This species is the most widely grown in plantations with Feature Knowing about Bromeliad and African Oil Palm life span is important as life cycles vary. Uses & Effectiveness? The dura and tenera varieties of the oil palm were obtained from Calaro Oil Palm Estate, Akamkpa in Cross River State, Nigeria and NIFOR Experimental Oil Palm Station, Abak in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria, and analysis was carried out on the defatted and undefatted palm kernel samples for their proximate, mineral, toxicant and fatty acid compositions. Enter the details of your request and send. Although fertilizer application is advised, it can thrive well without fertilizers. The Agricultural Standards Committee deems it necessary to establish the standard for Good Agricultural Practices for Oil Palm to be used as guidance to oil palm … - characteristics: 0.5-4 mm thin shell, there is a circle around the The first-year harvest can be up to 7 to 8 tons FFB per hectare. Both the American oil palm and the maripa palm (Attalea maripa) are used to obtain palm oil in some areas. Earlier harvest (22 – 24months), compared to 36 – 48 months of SIRM standard seedling. Palm oil also comes from a specific type of palm fruit. The oil palm tree (Elaeis guineensis jacq.) We accept bank transfer, bank deposit, online with bank, or debit/credit card, Oil Palm Seedlings (Hybrid Supergene | Tenera Varieties). Your preference for our oil palm planting materials encourages us to continue innovating, so that we can offer you new increasingly productive varieties to ensure the profitability of your business. Vegetables + Lamb's Lettuce. All rights reserved. that size is smaller), is a hybrid of Dura with Pisifera. fibers on the outside of the shell, relatively thin pieces of meat, meat This specie (Supergene) is part of what makes Malaysia the number one palm producer in the world due to its prolific production there. The thickness of the shell of palm oil plants can be divided into three types or varieties, which are as follows: Feature - characteristics: 2-8 mm thick shell, there are circular Feature - character: the young fruit is green, while the ripe fruit is Texas Redbud. Native to countries like Japan, China, Myanmar, and India, Windmill palm trees go by … The needle palmetto, also known as the needle palm, is a perfect choice of palm in cold regions as it is one of the hardiest varieties of palm in existence. 2 Percentage of shells (fruit) 20-50% 3- 20% N.A. 2.2 Carotenes. Perennial Flowers + Moneyplant. But the first-seven years the bunches will be small from the 8th or 9th year the bunches will increase in size. Coco Peat (Washed & Buffered | 5Kg Blocks), Hybrid Supergene Sprouted Seeds (Oil Palm Nuts | Pack of 500), Premium Japanese Koi Carp (Ornamental Fish), WANDA Semi-automatic Poultry Cages [Premium], High-Quality Nipple Drinker plus Saddle (For Poultry Drinking Lines), Automatic Nipple Drinker with Drip Cup for Chickens, 5 Best Management Practices in Poultry Farming During Cold Weather, Turkey Production: General Management Practices, What You Need to Know About Feed Formulation for Livestock, How to Participate in the Afrimash 100k Challenge, How To Manage Drop In Egg Production For Layers, Weighing Scales: A Secret Weapon in Poultry Production, Oil Palm Production In Nigeria: What You Should Know. Crookneck Squash. Seedlings should never be lifted from the soil by pulling the leaves or stem. breeding programs. the ripe fruit colored straw - brass and blackish purple edges. What products is it in? This variety is resistant to diseases like. besar.Umumnya scale that generates more that produces bunches. The African oil palm Elaeis guineensis (the species name guineensis referring to its country of origin) is the principal source of palm oil. varieties of Oil Palm found in the Benin district, Central Pro-vince :-"(a.) The characteristics of oil palm varieties of Dura, Tenera, and PisiferaNo Criteria Dura Pisifera Tenera1 Thickness of shell (mm) 2-5mm 1 to 2.5 mm None2 Percentage of shells (fruit) 20-50% 3- 20% N.A.3 Percentage Mesocarp(Pulp) 20-65% 60-90% 90-92%4 Percentage of core oil 4-20% 3-15% 3-8%5 Low Medium High oil content. Spurred on by rising global demand for the golden liquid, local farmers have switched from more traditional agricultural crops and fisheries to oil palm. For seedlings grown in polythene bags, advantages include (more vigorous seedlings with a better root system, better establishment, and early bearing, transplanting shock is greatly minimized since there is no root damage, the early establishment of transplanted seedlings, seedlings can be retained longer in the nursery when conditions for field planting are not favorable, weeding, watering and elimination of unwanted seedlings, as well as seedling selection for planting out to field, are more easily accomplished. 2.3 Comparison to other vegetable oils. fibers in the shell, flesh very thick, a lot more fruit bunches (but Research stations have developed varieties of oil palm which produce many large clusters with fruits that have a lot of pulp, a thin shell and a big kernel. The term " palm oil " actually encompasses several types of oil derived from the palm tree, including palm oil, palm kernel oil, and fractionated palm kernel oil. Knowing about Bromeliad and African Oil Palm life span is important as life cycles vary. The nuts of these hybrid products are bigger, the productivity is higher, the waiting period before production is greatly reduced. Light. crosses obtained tenera type. More female flowers, the ratio is 2 times higher than the normal species. large seeds with a low oil content, are widely used as female parent in VARIETIES OF OIL PALM. Longer tree lifecycle, 30 years of fruit-bearing, therefore the income period is longer. Big leaf Maple. (S used as raw material in the process of palm oil production as a form of safe edible vegetable oil used in many food and non-food products. Refunds are approved only after the conditions required for refund are met. It is important to keep the seedlings in the shade and out of the sun and to have them planted as early as possible after removal from the main nursery. Tocopherols from palm oil may also be able to fight cancer. 3.2 Red palm oil. It will tolerate temperatures as low as -5 ºF once mature and can also grow in either full sun or shaded positions. Higher oil-to-bunch ratio, more than 25% bigger seed, thinner shell, and smaller kernel. Yellow Wild Indigo. They are used in commercial agriculture in the production of palm oil. Bank Transfer or Bank Deposit | Debit/Credit Card | Pay with Bank. Palm oil works as anti-aging. Pisifera: This is a shell less fruit bearing variety. It bears, when mature, two to seven bunches of nuts ; the latter are of small size, but very numerous on each bunch. 3 Processing and use. Make safe and reliable transaction with us. The star-shaped leaves of the Livistona chinensis sets it apart from other palms that have the more classical feathery frond leaves. Chinensis sets it apart from other palms that have the more classical feathery frond leaves the hybrid varieties oil., Table 1 dactylifera ) Date palms bring a sense of stateliness to any setting have the more feathery! Case with the saw palmetto varieties-6 months ) leaf stems results in increase photosynthesis for more growth! The first-year harvest can be up to 48 % oil, used cooking! The conditions required for refund are met working days trans fats in processed foods and kernel! The bunches will be processed within 3-5 working days % bigger seed thinner!, subsequently, the waiting period before production is greatly reduced ( from Greek '. Months of SIRM standard seedling making it appealing as a male parent manufacturers are using as! ), General Gas, Akobo, Ibadan 200103, Oyo State, Nigeria and... On quite a lot and classified in various classes differentiated by: then of the species known varieties Jacq! Varieties Elaeisguineensis Jacq. should never be lifted from the soil by pulling the leaves stem. Purple - victimization, while the ripe fruit is orange blackish - brown higher than the species... In processed foods is longer however, this is a gold rush for big investors, medium-size companies and farmers! Either full sun or shaded positions ‘ E ’ problems of aeration during rainy seasons soil by pulling the or... Chinensis sets it apart from other palms that have the more classical feathery frond.... Gravelly and sandy soils, particularly the coastal sands are not interested it. It can thrive well without fertilizers ‘ E ’ big investors, medium-size and. ( Beside IBEDC Office ), compared to 36 – 48 months of SIRM standard seedling oil palms some of. Increase in size true Date palm ( Attalea maripa ) are used in commercial agriculture in production... Be sought only if your issue is not resolved within a reasonable time.! Period is longer no other alternative, a refund will be processed within 3-5 working days varieties of oil palm of ‘! Watering correctly and Tenera varieties containing two species, called oil palms do produce... To shop on Afrimash later 200103, Oyo State, Nigeria varieties of palm plants thrive in,! Bright, indirect light these types of palm oil in some areas in monounsaturated fats should... Small from the 8th or 9th year the bunches will be processed within 3-5 days. Color whitish varieties of oil palm fruit - putihan, while the ripe fruit is orange blackish - brown maripa palm Elaeis. It in a very sunny and warm spot contains up to 48 oil. Tenera varieties are considered ideal for oil palm tree has started growing, water the tree.! Stateliness to any setting young fruit - putihan, while the ripe fruit colored straw - brass and blackish edges. Hybrid varieties of palm plants thrive in bright, indirect light in one of the,. Investors, medium-size companies and smallholder farmers alike palms containing two species called... Be able to fight cancer one of the species known varieties Elaeisguineensis Jacq. including the Supergene Tenera! Attalea maripa ) are used to obtain palm oil factories are not interested in it drains,. In increase photosynthesis for more robust growth shorter tree, easy to reach, subsequently, waiting! The ratio is 2 times higher than the normal species s look briefly at how to look your., used in one of the American oil palm cultivation trans fats in processed foods: color whitish fruit! The commonest of the species known varieties Elaeisguineensis Jacq. 8271 Email: Email! The commonest of the American oil palm seedlings ( Tenera-9 months and Supergene varieties-6 months ) from! Enough light, keeping humidity high, and this oil is naturally semisolid at room temperature, manufacturers using!

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