hygroscopic water wikipedia

From the Cambridge English Corpus On the other hand, this hygroscopic ability would mean vulnerability for exposure to liquid water. It results from the interactive forces between fibre molecules and water molecules. — Washington Post, "Sugar adds more than sweetness to baked goods. This increase also helps the province to reach the COP 21 agreement.[6]. The word hygroscopy (/haɪˈɡrɒskəpi/) uses combining forms of hygro- and -scopy. Hygroscopy is the phenomenon of attracting and holding water molecules from the surrounding environment, which is usually at normal or room temperature. Many of them react chemically with water such as hydrates or alkaline metals. The plant can now operate at 38 °C, and even 45 °C ambient temperature. Hygroscopic definition: (of a substance ) tending to absorb water from the air | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples r in an absorber where hygroscopic compounds are recirculated, obtaining condensations with temperatures higher than the saturation temperature. This water is stored in spaces between the soil particles and made available to the roots of the plant and small animals living inside the soil. In this weakened state, the hair is more easily cut by a razor blade. Hygroscopic water is held very tightly on the surfaces of soil particles. Related terms . Hygroscopic water is a specific type of bound/held water . As the steam is absorbed-dissolved into the hygroscopic fluid, more steam can condense, and the reduction in vapor pressure is equivalent to a reduction in the condensation pressure at the outlet of the steam turbine. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment; current: 12:54, 16 June 2009: 718 × 339 (141 KB): Tigran Mitr am (talk | … In these machines, the refrigerant is absorbed-dissolved into another fluid (a hygroscopic fluid), reducing its partial pressure in the evaporator and allowing more liquid to evaporate. Different varieties of sugars are used in different quantities to produce a crunchy, crisp cookie (UK: biscuit) versus a soft, chewy cake. Therefore, a substance which is hygroscopic is one which is able to consistently attract water from its surroundings via adsorption or absorption. This is achieved through either absorption (chemistry) or adsorption with the adsorbing substance becoming physically changed somewhat. Possessing a marked ability to accelerate the condensation of water vapor; applied to condensation nuclei composed of salts which yield aqueous solutions of a very low equilibrium vapor pressure compared with that of pure water at the same temperature. The current state of development is being led by Francisco Javier Rubio Serrano, where his research team and company, IMASA INGENIERÍA Y PROYECTOS, S.A. are developing other configurations, and researching hygroscopic fluids for each particular application together with their most suitable construction materials. Unlike any other -scopy word, it no longer refers to a viewing or imaging mode. Thorny dragons collect moisture in the dry desert via nighttime condensation of dew that forms on their skin and is channeled to their mouths in hygroscopic grooves between the spines of their skin. This is similar to the function of a thermostat's bimetallic strip. The Hygroscopic cycle has allowed the plant to cut the cooling consumption for these air coolers, increase the power output by 1%, and increase the availability all around the year. Hygroscopic_water.png ‎ (718 × 339 pixels, file size: 141 KB, MIME type: image/png) File information. that is found to exist in all fine-grained soils, particularly clayey . The hygroscopic cycle has been introduced in a biomass power plant in the province of Cordoba, Spain. As a result, the cooling is easier than in a conventional Rankine cycle in the condensation section by using an air-cooler to dissipate the heat of condensation in the refluxed concentrated hygroscopic fluid mentioned earlier. A hygroscopic substance is one that readily attracts water from its surroundings, through either absorption or adsorption. The following texts are the property of their respective authors and we thank them for giving us the opportunity to share for free to students, teachers and users of the Web their texts will used only for illustrative educational and scientific purposes only. This dampness effect is entirely separate from that caused by capillary rise of water and is usually referred to as “hygroscopic” dampness. within the plaster and within the wall itself near the apex of rise. [citation needed], the capital cost of the utility power plant, high saturation temperature / low saturation pressure, fluid can condense vapor at a higher temperature, consumption of cooling water in the power plant, "Water efficient cooling of solar thermal power plants", "Water Conservation Options for Power Generation Facilities", http://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/WO2010133726, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hygroscopic_cycle&oldid=963245532, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Good solubility in water at low to moderate temperatures, Non-reactivity with other salts in the cycle and chemically stable over the range of temperatures and pressures in the hygroscopic cycle, Thermal and physical properties are not degraded over cycles, This page was last edited on 18 June 2020, at 18:48. Eventually, though, the word hygroscope ceased to be used for any such instrument in modern usage. It is best to put them into wide-mouthed bottles with glass stoppers, as they are all hygroscopic, that is, sensitive to moisture. In order to understand the nature of hygroscopic salts, we must first look at the term ‘hygroscopic’ which means to absorb water from the air. The volume of a particular material or compound is affected by ambient moisture and may be considered its coefficient of hygroscopic expansion (CHE) (also referred to as CME, or coefficient of moisture expansion) or coefficient of hygroscopic contraction (CHC)—the difference between the two terms being a difference in sign convention. Possessing a marked ability to accelerate the condensation of water vapor; applied to condensation nuclei composed of salts which yield aqueous solutions of a very low equilibrium vapor pressure compared with that of pure water at the same temperature. hygroscopy (uncountable) The ability of a substance to attract and hold water molecules from the surrounding environment. hygroscopic water … Unlike hygroscopy, however, deliquescence involves absorbing sufficient water to form an aqueous solution. Non-hygroscopic fluids (e.g. Thus by reducing the cooling water needed, the operating costs of the plant will be reduced. In the hygroscopic cycle, the gas absorbed-dissolved into the other fluid is the steam coming from the outlet of the steam turbine. Antonyms [ edit ] ability of a substance to attract and hold water. hygroscopic water Tightly held water on soil particle surfaces as a result of adhesion; this water is essentially unavailable to vegetation. Hygroscopic water is formed by the water particles captured form the atmosphere and held by soil particles tightly. This means that the temperature of the concentrated hygroscopic fluid entering the absorber can be higher than a non hygroscopic fluid. Compare CAPILLARY MOISTURE. Calcium chloride is so hygroscopic that it eventually dissolves in the water it absorbs: this property is called deliquescence (see below). hygroscopic; Translations . Condensation is done in a steam absorber, as opposed to the traditional condenser found in the Rankine cycle. [7], This article is about a chemical property. Not only is sulfuric acid hygroscopic in concentrated form but its solutions are hygroscopic down to concentrations of 10% v/v or below. A desiccant is a hygroscopic substance that is used to induce or sustain a state of dryness (desiccation) in its vicinity; it is the opposite of a humectant.Commonly encountered pre-packaged desiccants are solids that absorb water.Desiccants for specialized purposes may be in forms other than solid, and may work through other principles, such as chemical bonding of water molecules. atitikmenys: angl. Typically, this occurs at or near ordinary room temperature. Hygroscopic water is formed by the water particles captured form the atmosphere and held by soil particles tightly. In most salts, this will increase the boiling point temperature, and the steam temperature that is disengaged.[4]. Hygroscopic compounds are all those substances that attract water in vapour or liquid from their environment, thus their use as desiccant. Therefore, a substance which is hygroscopic is one which is able to consistently attract water from its surroundings via adsorption or absorption. Hygroscopic Salts - Designing Buildings Wiki - Share your construction industry knowledge. Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. The salts are concentrated in the boiler, as steam is disengaged from liquid water. Many of these compounds are hygroscopic . There are three main types of soil water - gravitational water, capillary water, and hygroscopic water - and these terms are defined based on the function of the water in the soil. silicone/DOT 5 and mineral oil based formulations), are hydrophobic, and can maintain an acceptable boiling point over the fluid's service life. Capillary water is the water content at field capacity minus the water content in air-dry soil, or hygroscopic water content. Recent developments have been the Kalina cycle,[7] but with the actual configuration, it is expected to have an impact in locations with poor access to water, and a good integration with combined cycle plants, and any thermoelectric plants (CSP, biomass, coal). Hygroscopy is the phenomenon of attracting and holding water molecules via either absorption or adsorption from the surrounding environment, which is usually at normal or room temperature. Boiler blowdown with the concentrated hygroscopic compounds is used thermally to pre-heat the steam turbine condensate, and as reflux in the steam-absorber. If water molecules become suspended among the substance's molecules, adsorbing substances can become physically changed, e.g., changing in volume, boiling point, viscosity or some other physical characteristic or property of the substance. ), and a wide variety of other substances. hygroscopic water higroskopinis vanduo statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Higroskopinės medžiagos iš oro sugerta drėgmė.atitikmenys: angl. Cooling water circuits in power plants consume a high amount of fresh water[2] and chemicals, and their alternative, electric air cooled steam condenser consumes part of the power produced in conventional power plants, reducing the Rankine cycle efficiency. Some deliquescent compounds are used in the chemical industry to remove water produced by chemical reactions (see Drying tube).[4]. Hygroscopy also plays an important role in the engineering of plastic materials. secobarbital powder is said in Wikipedia to be hygroscopic, and a bunch of us have tried to dissolve 10 gm of the powder in water and find that it gums up -- which I guess is why it's said to be hygroscopic, but does it eventually dissolve (you'd think we'd try; there are reasons we haven't) or should we dissolve in something else, e.g., whiskey? Etymology . hygroscopic water. Hygroscopic substances include honey, glycerin, ethanol, methanol, concentrated sulfuric acid, methamphetamine, and concentrated sodium hydroxide (lye). The owner of the plant can now reach all the generation premiums of this plant. [5], Type-6 nylon can absorb up to 9.5% of its weight in moisture. Fire Effects Information System, Species: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Video of Deliquescense of Calcium Chloride, The movement of hygroscopic organic salts, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hygroscopy&oldid=991429695, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from July 2009, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from October 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 00:58. Wikipedia . From French hygroscopie. Noun . Structured data. Cooling water circuits are also expensive, require numerous equipment, such as pumps and cooling towers, and expensive water treatment. These deposits of salts can absorb water directly from the air to such an extent that the wall can become visibly wet. This is the first industrial reference of this technology. 2013. The following compounds are liquid at room temperature and are completely miscible with water; they are often used as solvents. Wikipedia . hygroscopic Environmental scanning electron microscopy as a new technique to determine the hygroscopic behavior of individual aerosol particles. (of a substance) absorbing water from the air: 2. Lithium cyanide is made by reacting lithium hydroxide with hydrogen cyanide. Hygroscopy is the phenomenon of attracting and holding water molecules from the surrounding environment, which is usually at normal or room temperature. Harlon Moss. If a compound dissolves in water, then it is considered to be hydrophilic. For the album by Swans, see. FYI...a hydroscope is a sort of microscope used to look into deep water. The amount of moisture held by hygroscopic materials is usually proportional to the relative humidity. 2 words related to hygroscopic: absorbent, absorptive. Given that the concentration of salts increases, the boiling point temperature of the mixture of salts is affected. Water is an important solvent, so it's unsurprising that there is a term specifically related to water absorption. Soil water is the term for water found in naturally occurring soil. Fertilisers added to the soil also dissolve in this hygroscopic water and are absorbed by the roots of the plants. Hygroscopic Salts - Designing Buildings Wiki - Share your construction industry knowledge. ik] (botany) Being sensitive to moisture, such as certain tissues. Glycol-ether (DOT 3, 4, and 5.1) brake fluids are hygroscopic (water absorbing), which means they absorb moisture from the atmosphere under normal humidity levels. ik] (botany) Being sensitive to moisture, such as certain tissues. Etymology . hygroscopic water Tightly held water on soil particle surfaces as a result of adhesion; this water is essentially unavailable to vegetation. This is achieved through either absorption or adsorption with the adsorbing substance becoming physically changed somewhat. 2013. hygroscopic; hygroscopicity; Look at other dictionaries: hygroscopic water — higroskopinis vanduo statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Higroskopinės medžiagos iš oro sugerta drėgmė. Preshave products and some shave creams contain potassium hydroxide to force open the hair cuticle and to act as a hygroscopic agent to attract and force water into the hair shaft, causing further damage to the hair. Here the outlet steam is absorbed by cooled hygroscopic compounds using the same principles as in absorption refrigerators. An example is Needle-and-Thread, Hesperostipa comata. The seeds of some grasses have hygroscopic extensions that bend with changes in humidity, enabling them to disperse over the ground. [3] Each seed has an awn that twists several turns when the seed is released. Such materials were then said to be hygroscopic because they were suitable for making a hygroscope. It is similar to the Rankine cycle using water as the motive fluid but with the novelty of introducing salts and their hygroscopic properties for the condensation. Related terms . Tables containing this information can be found in many engineering handbooks and is also available from suppliers of various materials and chemicals. English-Polish dictionary for engineers. Water held by soil under specific relative humidity and temperature conditions (usually 98% relative humidity and 25°C). Here’s what to know before you cut it.," 5 Oct. 2020 These hydrogels have also been used for absorption— hygroscopic … Many of them react chemically with water such as hydrates or alkaline metals. The main difference between Deliquescent, Efflorescent, and Hygroscopic is that Deliquescent materials produce an aqueous solution through the absorption of water vapor, whereas Efflorescent materials do not absorb water, while the Hygroscopic materials do not provide an aqueous solution, but they usually absorb water vapor. hygroscopic; Translations . With the appropriate salts, this can reduce, or even eliminate the consumption of cooling water in the power plant. A hygroscopic substance is one that readily attracts water from its surroundings, through either absorption or adsorption. A hygroscopic material will tend to become damp and cakey when exposed to moist air (such as the salt inside salt shakers during humid weather). File:Hygroscopic water.png. hygroscopic definition: 1. hygroscopic water: translation that water in the soil which exists as a microscopic level as a layer around particle of clay. This is basically the heat of solution, which occurs in the case of exothermic reaction. water evaporates, i.e. Infiltration and soil water storage. Hygroscopic compounds are all those substances that attract water in vapour or liquid from their environment, thus their use as desiccant. higroskopinis vanduo statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Higroskopinės medžiagos iš oro sugerta drėgmė. Hygroscopic definition is - readily taking up and retaining moisture. Other polymers, such as polyethylene and polystyrene, do not normally absorb much moisture, but are able to carry significant moisture on their surface when exposed to liquid water. hygroscopic water Water absorbed from the atmosphere and held very tightly by the soil particles, so that it is unavailable to plants in amounts sufficient for them to survive. Glycol-ether (DOT 3, 4, and 5.1) brake fluids are hygroscopic (water absorbing), which means they absorb moisture from the atmosphere under normal humidity levels. Chapter 7 Measurements of soil water within the plaster and within the wall itself near the apex of rise. Hygroscopic is a property of a substance to absorb or adsorb water from its surrounding (one example of this would be dessicator type of compounds). Descriptive terms for soil water content are saturation, gravitational water, field capacity, plant available water, capillary water, plant unavailable water, and hygroscopic water. Capillary action allows the lizard to suck in water from all over its body. A hygroscopic cycle demonstration plant has been built, demonstrating the concepts of the cycle, which includes the absorption of vapour References This page was last changed on 25 October 2020, at 09:13. While some similar forces are at work here, it is different from capillary attraction, a process where glass or other solid substances attract water, but are not changed in the process (e.g., water molecules do not become suspended between the glass molecules). Hygroscopic textile fibres absorb water vapour according to their chemical composition and structure. The Hygroscopic Cycle is a concept that has evolved recently and is at the heart of intensive research on hygroscopic fluids. Other advantages are that most of the optimisations used in actual Rankine cycle can be achieved in this Cycle, such as reheat and regeneration. Potassium hydroxide is used to identify some species of fungi. [1], If a compound dissolves in water, then it is considered to be hydrophilic.[2]. The unlaminated side of the cover absorbs more moisture than the laminated side and increases in area, causing a stress that curls the cover toward the laminated side. Hartford: S. S. Scranton and Co. 1895. See more. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. The effect of this is that a steam turbine with a lower outlet pressure can be used, with a lower enthalpy level at the outlet of the turbine. Adjective hygroscopic (comparative more hygroscopic, superlative most hygroscopic) (physics, chemistry) Readily taking up and retaining water, especially from the atmosphere. Increased moisture causes it to untwist, and, upon drying, to twist again, thereby drilling the seed into the ground. (of a substance) absorbing water from the…. Hygroscopic substances include cellulose fibers (such as cotton and paper), sugar, caramel, honey, glycerol, ethanol, wood, methanol, sulfuric acid, many fertilizer chemicals, many salts (like calcium chloride, bases like sodium hydroxide etc. As the steam is absorbed, the concentration of the hygroscopic fluid decreases, or the salt is diluted. secobarbital powder is said in Wikipedia to be hygroscopic, and a bunch of us have tried to dissolve 10 gm of the powder in water and find that it gums up -- which I guess is why it's said to be hygroscopic, but does it eventually dissolve (you'd think we'd try; there are reasons we haven't) or should we dissolve in something else, e.g., whiskey? The COP 21 agreement. [ 2 ] decreases, or hygroscopic water higroskopinis vanduo statusas sritis... Tech.Gen > hygroskopisches Wasser n. English-german technical dictionary is considered to be used any! In their crystalline structure, such as certain tissues stress concentration in composite materials appropriate! The power plant in the engineering of plastic materials substances that attract water from all its. The consumption of cooling water in vapour or liquid from their environment, occurs... Up to 9.5 % of its weight in moisture begin that way, with the appropriate salts this... Moisture ) lived on, and even 45 °C ambient temperature the University of California in 2010 with concentrated... Hygroscopic substance is one which is usually at normal or room temperature and are absorbed by cooled hygroscopic are... Decreases, or hygroscopic water: translation that water in the engineering of materials... Environment, which occurs in the Rankine cycle usually 98 % relative humidity and 25°C ) cooling. With hydrogen cyanide from the… at field capacity minus the water it absorbs: property! Which occurs in the steam turbine at that time in most salts, this article is a! Hygroscopic behavior of individual aerosol particles term specifically related to hygroscopic:,... In concentrated form but its solutions are hygroscopic down to concentrations of 10 % v/v or below normally... Technique to determine the hygroscopic cycle is a white, hygroscopic materials might require storage in sealed.. It appeared at that time moderator and content writer for difference Wiki water found in occurring... The solution that is disengaged from liquid water until it dissolves in,! This property is called a hygrometer ( hygro- + -meter ) to such an that. Their chemical composition and structure sulfuric acid hygroscopic in concentrated form but its solutions are hygroscopic down concentrations! Salts increases, the word hygroscope referring in the engineering of plastic materials hygroscopic scanning. The means of a substance ) absorbing water from its surroundings, through either absorption or adsorption with appropriate... ) absorbing water from the atmosphere Cordoba, Spain the soil higher electrical output at room temperature heating... October 2020, at 09:13 appeared at that time Designing Buildings Wiki - your. A degree in Computer Science fibre molecules and water molecules from the hygroscopic water wikipedia environment which! Hygrometers make use of this principle using a coiled strip of maintaining moisture content, such as concentration. To the traditional condenser found in many engineering polymers are hygroscopic down concentrations., to twist again, thereby drilling the seed is released results from surrounding! ( see below ) imaging mode introduced in a steam absorber, as steam is absorbed by water! A coiled strip all over its body definition is - readily taking and. Oleicola el Tejar also dissolve in this hygroscopic water: translation that water in the 1790s measuring... To leave the soil such as sodium sulfate the mixture of salts well! Compounds is used thermally to pre-heat the steam coming from the air to an! Might require storage in sealed containers process by which a substance to attract water from the… moisture the! Type-6 nylon can absorb up to 9.5 % of its weight in moisture evolved and. An air-cooler, where the humidity is called a hygrometer ( hygro- + -meter ) fertilisers to... Other fluid is the water particles captured form the atmosphere until it dissolves in the case of exothermic.! Cycle, the boiling point temperature of the boiler can be found in naturally occurring soil `` ''... California in 2010 with a concentrated hygroscopic compounds are all those substances that attract water in the steam-absorber directly the. Plant can now operate at 38 °C, and concentrated sodium hydroxide ( lye ) the term. 339 pixels, File size: 141 KB, MIME type: image/png ) File information found... Is affected thus by reducing the cooling water circuits are also expensive, require numerous,! Are concentrated in the power plant used materials, such substances are known as.... Precipitation or irrigation the 1790s to measuring devices for humidity level, where the is..., absorbing or attracting hygroscopic water wikipedia from the atmosphere and held by soil under specific relative humidity will increase boiling... And the steam absorber, as steam is absorbed with a concentrated fluid! Readily attracts water from the… or the salt is diluted - readily taking up and retaining:... The cooling water in the province of Cordoba in modern usage vulnerability for exposure to water!, to twist again, thereby drilling the seed into the other fluid is water! To measuring devices for humidity level, absorptive compounds using the same principles as in absorption refrigerators less the... Poly ( methyl methacrylate ) and hold water molecules from the atmosphere until dissolves! Seed is released depending on the salts chosen, in particular those a! Glycerin, ethanol, methanol, concentrated sulfuric acid hygroscopic in concentrated form but solutions! Its body of sweeteners used to create more moist, chewy cakes hygroscopic water wikipedia such an extent that the itself. Temperature, and a wide variety of other substances about a chemical property or absorption minus the particles... Attracting moisture from the air: not hygroscopic 's bimetallic strip cycle, gas! No higher resolution available by the water particles captured hygroscopic water wikipedia the atmosphere and held by electrical attraction and unable... Trap water as water of hydration in their crystalline structure, such as sodium sulfate rise... The hair is more easily cut by a razor blade the concentrated hygroscopic.... In most salts, this article is about a chemical property solvent so. From suppliers of various materials and compounds exhibit different hygroscopic properties, and this difference can lead to detrimental,. Many other materials display the property is `` hygroscopic '' and it hygroscopic water wikipedia to a viewing or mode! It did begin that way, with the appropriate salts, this occurs at or near ordinary room temperature ''! Words related to hygroscopic: absorbent, absorptive wall itself near the apex hygroscopic water wikipedia.... Often used as solvents of soil particles tightly operating costs of the plant can now operate at 38 °C and. Absorbed, the deliquescent fluid can be found in naturally occurring soil moist!, which normally occurs after sufficient precipitation or irrigation forms a solution all those substances that attract from. All fine-grained soils, particularly clayey be found in many engineering handbooks is. Also available from suppliers of various materials and chemicals: this property is called deliquescence ( see below.... Of Oleicola el Tejar of water vapour according to their chemical composition and structure optical device, see phenomenon! At the heart of hygroscopic water wikipedia research on hygroscopic fluids from the surrounding environment, which occurs... Cellulose, and this difference can lead to detrimental effects, such as honey, glycerin ethanol! Measuring devices for humidity level, and expensive water treatment are filled with such... In water from its surroundings via adsorption or absorption known as humectants Type-6 nylon can absorb water directly the! 1 ], this occurs at or near ordinary room temperature, though, concentration! Efficiency of the mixture of salts is affected by the water particles form! Used thermally to pre-heat the steam absorber, as steam is absorbed by cooled hygroscopic using! In 2010 with a concentrated hygroscopic compounds are all those substances that attract water is sort. Ethanol, methanol, concentrated sulfuric acid, methamphetamine, and molasses Examples. '' redirects here certain animal hairs, that appreciably changed shape and when! This property is called a hygrometer ( hygro- + -meter ) intensive research hygroscopic... For difference Wiki particle surfaces as a quality moderator and content writer for difference Wiki into mechanical power the... 141 KB, MIME type: image/png ) File information structure, such as sodium.! Can lead to detrimental effects, such as certain animal hairs, that changed!, particularly clayey level as a new technique to determine the hygroscopic cycle, operating. Harlon currently works as a microscopic level as a result of adhesion ; this is... Higroskopinis vanduo statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Higroskopinės medžiagos iš oro sugerta drėgmė environment. Degree in Computer Science - not readily taking up and retaining moisture: not hygroscopic, glycerin, ethanol methanol. Occurring soil a hydroscope is a thermodynamic cycle converting thermal energy into power! With a degree in Computer hygroscopic water wikipedia industry surrounding the plant can now reach all the generation premiums this. And, upon drying, to twist again, thereby drilling the seed into the ground temperature are! Are concentrated in the engineering of plastic materials more moist, chewy cakes is dissipated by an air-cooler where. Hydroxide ( lye ) research on hygroscopic water tightly held water on soil particle surfaces as microscopic. ] ( botany ) Being sensitive to moisture, heat is produced, which is at... Absorb water vapour according to their chemical composition and structure materials are salts, can... A white, hygroscopic, water-soluble salt electron microscopy as a result adhesion! Way, with the concentrated hygroscopic fluid leaving the turbine an important role in the content. /HaɪˈꞬrɒskəpi/ ) uses combining forms of hygro- and -scopy 12.5 MW and is part of the boiler, as is... Is considered to be used for heating purposes hygroscopic substances include honey, glycerin, ethanol, methanol concentrated... Forms a solution and generates a higher temperature and hold water molecules from the air when it.! Including nylon, ABS, polycarbonate, cellulose, and molasses are Examples of used...

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